Having Porous Hair: tips and tricks
Despite all the care and use of natural ingredients, your hair is always dull, brittling, dry and lacking in definition. This is probably due to the high porosity that affects and alters all your everyday gestures. Having porous hair is no small feat as it is hair that has suffered a lot in the past.
If you have used colouring, discoloration and heating devices, your hair is certainly porous and weakened. Throughout this article, we lift the lid on some things you’re not told. Find out everything you need to know about porous hair, as well as all the tips and tricks to treat it properly.
With our advice, you will be able to identify your problems and determine the many causes of porous hair. It’s time to understand your hair and treat it properly!
What is porous hair?
It is possible that without knowing it, you have porous hair. This is not a term for having dirty hair, but “porous” comes from the term “porosity”.
Porosity translates into the ability of hair to absorb moisture like water. There are three levels of porosity: high, medium and high. Determining the porosity of your hair is a great asset in the hair world. It is an indispensable clue that allows you to understand your hair to give them the best care.
Let’s take an example, you’ve been testing hair care and home recipes for weeks or months. Although the ingredients used are of high quality, they bring no benefits and you see no difference. To go further, your hair reacts badly to your care and it is always dry, brittling and dull. In this case, your hair does not receive proper care, it is like feeding a person who dies of thirst.
Well, knowing if your hair is porous or not helps you deal with these problems. Everything rests on the scales (or cuticles) of the hair fiber. These scales can be very closed or very open. Porous hair has very open cuticles, which means that the fiber absorbs mass hydration. Paradoxically, this seems to be good news, but constantly open scales also lose hydration and water evaporates.
By definition, porous hair has great ability to absorb care, but it is of no use if the scales are open. Finally, porous hair often remains very dry, dull and brittling.
How do I recognize porous hair?
To recognize a porous hair, just perform the porosity test. The procedure takes only a few minutes and the result is almost immediate.
Get a glass of water and remove a strand of hair. It should be clean, dry, and without the addition of styling products. Place the strand of hair in the glass of water and wait a few minutes before finding the result.
If the strand of hair floats on the surface of the water, your hair is not porous. This means that the scales are very closed and the hair fiber does not absorb moisture. On the contrary, if the strand of hair falls to the bottom of the glass, you have porous hair. The cuticles are very open, they have absorbed the water and the wick has become heavier. Finally, it is possible to observe your strand of hair floating halfway between the surface and the bottom of the glass. This refers to an average porosity, the ideal result.
Thanks to the porosity test, you have clear and crucial information. However, it should be added that porosity can change over time. It depends on the lifestyle of your hair and the devices you use.
Other clues allow you to recognize porous hair. This results in very dry, damaged and dull hair. But that’s not all, a porous hair is also brittle and rough as straw. Unlike soft, shiny hair, high porosity gives an impression of fatigue.
These factors are very visible if you have curly, curly or frizzy hair. This type of texture is usually very porous for specific reasons. The curls lack definition, and the natural dryness is accentuated.
Owning porous hair is not an end in itself. This does not mean that everything is lost and that there is nothing left to do. To take care of porous hair, it is necessary to determine the essential causes. Certain everyday gestures or aesthetic processes have a significant impact on the functioning of your hair fiber.
The causes of a porous hair
Determining the causes of a porous hair is very simple. The scales of the hair fiber are very light and reactive to changes in temperature.
Commonly, we know that heat opens the scales, even when you are sun-exposing yourself or using hot water. The cuticles of the hair work much like the pores of the skin. On contact with heat, pores open, which is why steam baths are effective in facial care.
Porous hair has generally had a fairly hectic liability. First, the use of heating devices such as smoothing/buckle iron and hairdryers contribute a lot to porosity. If you have used this type of device excessively, it means that the opening of the scales has often been requested.
The use of coloring, discoloration and other aggressive products are also the cause of very porous hair. The chemicals in these products alter the sensitivity of the scales and weaken them. As a result, they can no longer close naturally and are severely damaged.
On the other hand, there are a whole bunch of other parameters to consider. The use of cosmetic products dosed with silicones, parabens and sulphates are also responsible. Porous hair is very dry and dull, such ingredients accentuate these problems. In addition to being irritating like sulphates, silicone plays an occlusive role. It prevents the hair fiber from breathing and it brings a concrete effect to the hair.
After listing all the causes of a porous hair, it must be admitted that a proper and neat hair routine is necessary. This should include the use of clean cosmetics, suitable natural ingredients while removing heating devices.
How to take care of porous hair?
A rigorous hair routine allows you to treat porous hair. A whole bunch of rules are up and it’s not that difficult. Very open scales is the main characteristic of a hair with high porosity. Therefore, the goal of your routine will be to moisturize and nourish your hair, thinking about closing the scales.
Forget heating appliances
Before you reveal the steps you need to take to treat porous hair, change your daily habits. This starts with removing heat sources such as hairdryers and straightening or curling irons.
Turn to a natural and simple solution by letting your hair dry in the open air. If you are in the rush or ready to go out, use a hairdryer at low temperature. This is certainly the best compromise to make when you have porous hair. Also, don’t dry all your hair, go up to 60 or 70% maximum.
Use a microfiber towel
Traditional towels are very irritating to hair fiber. This is even more so if you are used to rubbing your hair… Well, this gesture is to be banned!
Very accessible and inexpensive, the microfiber towel is an essential part of taking care of your hair. They are very absorbent and soft. You can also use an old cotton t-shirt, it works very well.
Rinse porous hair with cold water
Rinse water also plays a big role, especially for porous hair. On contact with the cold, the scales of the hair fiber close. Cold water is an ally to find strong, shiny and fortified hair!
After washing your hair and applying your mask, rinse your hair with cold water to maintain care. Well, it’s a step that’s not pleasant but it’s so effective that we forget the drawbacks. Care for porous hair requires work, and the use of cold water is necessary to address your problem.
Use white vinegar or cider vinegar on porous hair
These two natural ingredients invade Grandma’s recipes. White vinegar or cider are real assets to get a beautiful hair. These ingredients have fortifying properties and regulate the acidity of the hair fiber.
White vinegar can be added to your last rinse water. To do this, just add this one to a bottle of water. The recommended dose is 1 volume of white vinegar for 3 volumes of cold water. After applying your mask, rinse your hair with clear water and finish with vinegared water. It is also possible to let the white vinegar place before rinsing with clear water.
As for the smell, no need to startle! When your hair dries, the smell of white vinegar evaporates and disappears. If you are not reassured, add a few drops of essential oil to bring a fragrant effect to the rinse water.
Regularly moisturize porous hair
Porous hair lacks hydration, which is why it is dry. This is why daily care is needed to meet the needs of your hair fiber.
As the name suggests, the most important element of hydration is water. With a spray, spray your hair every day to make it moist. Then use moisturizing ingredients like aloe vera gel which is a must! The use of vegetable glycerin is also a good gesture thanks to its emollient and moisturizing properties.
Once your hair is hydrated, seal it with vegetable oil. You can use all the vegetable oils you want: avocado, olive, coconut, castor, jojoba… But also butters like shea or mango. These ingredients are hydrophilic filmogenic agents. They leave a thin oily layer on the surface of your hair fiber to prevent water evaporation that causes dryness.
Don’t forget nutrition to avoid porous hair breakage
Many confuse hydration with nutrition. Hydration helps to soften and soften hair so that it does not suffer from dryness. Nutrition is necessary to strengthen the hair fiber to avoid breakage.
High porosity hair also needs nutrition. That’s why we need to focus on nourishing and protein care. Following the use of colours and heating products, the hair fiber is weakened so it must be restored to strength!
Once a week, perform an intense treatment such as an oil bath to be laid at least 1 hour. Use rich vegetable oils such as castor and avocado to feed deeply. Use a heated cap or warm towel to get your oil bath in full.
But that’s not all, ingredients such as eggs, banana, mayonnaise or dairy products are rich in protein. Porous hair is hungry, and you have to satisfy their appetite. For protein care, intensive care per month is more than enough.
Protect and retain the hydration of porous hair
This ultimate trick is simple to set up. Every night, when you sleep soundly, your pillowcase absorbs the water in your hair. In the long run, they will be constantly dehydrated and you will enter a vicious circle.
To overcome this challenge, opt for a silk or satin beanie. If you don’t like beanies, get a pillowcase or scarf that you put on your pillow. Silk and satin have no absorbent abilities and these materials are soft.
With this trick, you’ll keep hydration warm. The risk of evaporation is very low and your hair will always be soft and silky!